New Delhi: Home Minister Amit Shah Friday blamed former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru for the political problems and terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir, as he asserted in the Lok Sabha that Article 370 of the Constitution granting special status to the state is “temporary in nature” and “not permanent”.As the Lok Sabha gave its nod to extend President’s Rule in J and K for another six months beginning July 3 by approving a statutory resolution, Shah also said Assembly polls in the border state will be held in a free, fair and democratic manner once the Election Commission announces the schedule. Also Read – Ahead of Xi’s visit, China says Kashmir issue should be resolved bilaterally; drops UN referencesThe Lok Sabha also cleared the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2019, to replace an ordinance issued by the previous government. The approval for the resolution and the amendment bill was given by voice vote amid protests from the Congress and some opposition parties. The Bill was the first to be piloted by Shah as Home Minister. Replying to the debate on the statutory resolution seeking an extension of President’s Rule in the state, and the amendment bill, Shah asserted that the Modi government has ‘zero tolerance’ policy towards terrorism and its ideology is to ensure the protection of borders and make the country free of terrorism. Also Read – Rajnath Singh arrives for Rafale handover ceremony in FranceLaunching a blistering attack on Nehru and the Congress in his maiden speech as Home Minister in the lower house, Shah alleged that the policies of previous Congress governments widened the wedge between the people of the state and the country. “Today one-third of Kashmir is not with us. Who announced ceasefire when Pakistan encroached in Kashmir after independence and occupied one-third of its territory? The Congress members reacted sharply to this and Shah responded saying he would not take Nehru’s name but referred to him only as the first prime minister. The Home Minister said the present government adopted “zero tolerance” towards terrorism and people who try to divide the country have fear in their hearts, which will increase in the coming times. Shah took on the Congress after its member Manish Tewari alleged that the sense of alienation among the people of J&K has increased under the BJP government.