Month: January 2021

  • Lecture discusses turmoil in Congo

    first_imgThe 18th annual Student Peace Conference, sponsored by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, kicked off its weekend events Friday with a talk by keynote speaker John Prendergast, founder of the Enough Project, which aims to end genocide and crimes against humanity.Prendergast’s organization also works to inform Americans how they might, as consumers, indirectly be perpetuating torture and genocide in developing nations like the Congo.Naunihal Singh, assistant professor of political science and fellow at the Institute for International Peace Studies, delivered opening remarks about Prendergast’s work.“[He is] empowering people in society who are not part of government,” Singh said. “He is reaching out to people who think they do not have a lot to say or do about foreign policy.”Prendergast, who has authored eight books about Africa and also worked as a special advisor to the Department of State under the Clinton administration, focused Friday’s talk on the illegal usurpation of minerals and torture in the Congo.“Nothing else [is] remotely on par … with the quantity of human misery in the Congo,” he said. “Our standard of living comes at the expense of human beings.”Prendergast said minerals like tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold come from the Congo and are used to power electric devices like cell phones and laptops.“The Congo has between one-fifth and one-seventh of the world’s tin,” Prendergast said. “It’s for sale, it’s open for business and people are coming to take what they will.”Militia groups smuggle minerals out of the Congo and sell them to international markets, Prendergast said, and hundreds of millions of dollars fund the groups going in to seize the minerals and force the local people to comply with their demands. He told the story of a 57-year-old Congolese woman and schoolteacher who wanted to supplement her salary by selling salt, acquired from local mines.She was taken by militiamen and was raped daily before finally escaping after two years.“It took a long time for the physical injuries to heal, but even longer for the emotional injuries to heal,” Prendergast said.The woman, he said, went on to mentor other women who had experienced situations similar to hers.Prendergast said rape is the tool of war in the Congo, much like amputation in Sierra Leone and land mines in Angola.The link between consumer demands of products that utilize minerals like tin and the violence that occurs in the Congo is a direct one, Prendergast said, and the job of consumers, therefore, is to demand conflict-free products.“People like us have to make people aware that their purchases … have an impact on millions and millions of people,” he said. “We have to tell the companies that are benefitting from these [atrocities] that we demand conflict-free products.”Prendergast said big companies like Apple and Hewlett Packard have the most power to implement “change on the ground.”“If we can influence the big dogs they will subsequently put pressure to clean up the process,” he said. “It turns out often they do want to learn about the process and change it.”He said the ultimate goal of consumers should be the obtainment of minerals by peaceful and legal means through a global certification scheme. Prendergast said a complete boycott of products is an unrealistic demand and advocates that people instead use their power as consumers and voters to voice a demand for change. “We have to demonstrate that there would be a market for conflict-free products,” he said. He also encouraged contacting elected officials like Sen. Richard Lugar, the Republican leader of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, to voice support of legislation favoring a certification scheme of peaceful mineral obtainment.Prendergast encouraged audience members to educate family members and friends about the comprehensive consumer campaign he advocates.“Why do people get involved with causes? The third most popular reason is some kind of clever ad they’re responding to,” he said. “The second reason is because a celebrity advocated involvement and the top reason is because a family member or friend asked them.”Prendergast also advocated the move toward a campus free of conflict products.“The individual has a certain amount of power but a campus body will have even more influence,” he said.last_img read more

  • Man forces entry to car; robs student

    first_imgPolice arrested a South Bend man Thursday for threatening a Notre Dame student and forcing him to drive through the city and withdraw money from area ATMs. Capt. Phil Trent with the South Bend Police Department said Anthony Coleman approached the student around 4 a.m. Tuesday at a Speedway gas station on the 2100 block of South Bend Avenue. Coleman, 31, told the student he had a gun and forced him to let him into his car. Police said Coleman directed him to drive to two different ATMs in downtown South Bend and withdraw cash. The student drove Coleman to several houses after he withdrew the money, police said. At one point, the student told police that the robber appeared to be smoking a crack pipe after leaving one of the homes. Trent said the student was afraid to drive away from Coleman each time the robber got out of his car, but he eventually sped away from Coleman when he walked far enough away from the vehicle. The student returned to his home and called the police. The officer who took the student’s report recognized his description of the robber and believed him to be a suspect in at least one similar theft, and the police arrested Coleman on Thursday night. He is currently held in the St. Joseph County Jail and is awaiting charges from the prosecutor’s office.last_img read more

  • Panelists consider cyberbullying

    first_imgIn the latest installment of the Saint Mary’s Justice Fridays series, panelists called attention to the bullying problems associated with social media, especially in the age of new and accessible technology.Panelists included Janielle Tchakerian, assistant vice president for student affairs at Saint Mary’s, St. Joseph County Police Department legal adviser Eric Tamashasky and psychologist Milene Jeffirs. The panelists said anonymity and the fast pace of change contribute to bullying. Caitlyn Jordan | The Observer Panelists discuss cyberbullying as a part of the “Justice Fridays” series and Social Media Week last week on Saint Mary’s campus. “The anonymous nature is a very big problem for everybody,” Tamashasky said. “The only person who can fight the anonymous side is law enforcement.” In-school processes for dealing with cyberbullies are often inadequate because schools often are not fully equipped to deal with anonymous cyberbullies, Tamashasky said. There is also a level of ambiguity when it comes to the apps students download and how they can be used against a person, he said.The anonymous nature of apps such as YikYak allows students to target other students without fear of being traced. For apps like Snapchat, Tamashasky said recipients can download software that allows them to save pictures received without notifying the sender.Tamashasky also said students should research apps before downloading them in order to verify app advertisement information and privacy policies.  The panelists said students have the ability to watch for signs of bullying in the Saint Mary’s and South Bend communities.“The students know what’s going on in their classes; they know what’s going on in their dorms; they know what’s going on in their communities,” Jeffirs said. “Watch for the signs. See if there are kids out there in pain or too lonely and then reach out and try to make that situation less painful for that one person.”Jeffirs said watching out for one another plays a key role in making the online community more safe. “As a psychologist, I look at the emotional side of it, the mental health side of it more than the technology side,” she said. “I really think students can just watch out, reach out and report. That’s the most important thing, to have the courage to report and to tell administrators that something is going on.”Tamashasky said there is an app called “STOPit” designed for students to take pictures of online bullying and anonymously report it to schools. The College already allows anonymous reporting of bullying through campus security, Tchakerian said. “What I want you to take away is how to help a friend who’s going through it, like sharing correct information and knowing who you should be reaching out to,” Tchakerien said. “What I see are the students who want help but don’t know how to get it or don’t want to go through it alone. “When you are being bullied, whether in person or via social media or dry erase board in the residence halls, there is an emotional toll it takes on students. To be supportive of students going through that and to help [them] go through it and say, ‘You don’t have to go through it alone’ is the message I want you to take.” Tags: apps, cyberbullying, Eric Tamashasky, Janielle Tchakerian, Justice Fridays, Milene Jeffirs, social medialast_img read more

  • Saint Mary’s student examines ethical examples

    first_imgCaitlyn Jordan Senior business major Taylor Etzell presents on ethics in business and their application to daily life outside of business as part of the Justice Friday series at Saint Mary’s.“Tylenol capsules were poisoned with cyanide,” she said. “Once people started to realize that there was a tie between the Tylenol capsules that had been taken and the fatalities that had occurred, Tylenol execs decided to pull off all the Tylenol bottles across the nation. “It was all in a concentrated area around Chicago. They couldn’t prove it was in California, but that didn’t matter. They decided to stop all production, they sent out all of their employees to take off all the bottles from the shelves so that no more fatalities would occur based on these capsules. This lost millions of dollars.” Etzell said Vice President of External Affairs Bob Kiffin immediately recalled all the bottles and sent out his employees despite the large loss of revenue. Because of Kiffin’s ethical framework, she said, he was able to recognize the monetary loss was less important than the many lives that could potentially have been harmed had they left the bottles on the shelves.“He didn’t even refer to [the company’s] code of ethics. He just automatically sent people out. … Every employee didn’t second guess it. They understood why.”Etzell then gave tips for how everyone can implement an ethical framework into their daily lives.“The first thing you need to do is to gather all of the facts,” she said. “You need to understand the issues and identify the aspects that within your control. … You have to understand the whole issue.”“Gathering all of the facts is very important because then you can substantiate your decision. You have to tell people why you came to that conclusion and how you got there.“Converse with yourself. If you converse with yourself, then you’ll be able to reflect on all those facts you gathered, and you’ll be able to understand why you made that decision.”“The third [step] is to reflect on that decision,” Etzell said. “Does this decision that you made make you embarrassed? If the answer is yes, it was probably not the right decision for that instance.”Etzell said having an ethical framework is important to be a valued decision-maker and lifelong learner. She said being conscious of ethics will make people self-aware, which will help them to find their right place when it comes to employment or service.Tags: business, ethics, Justice Fridays, saint mary’s In the latest installment of Saint Mary’s “Justice Friday” series, senior accounting major Taylor Etzell gave a presentation on ethical business practices.Etzell said ethics is involved in any situation in which there is actual or potential harm to another party, and ethical decision-making is what comes into play when you attempt to resolve those actual or potential conflicts.“You can relate ethics to anything in your life, not just business decisions,” Etzell said. “I think it’s important to implement an ethical framework into your daily lives so that you can always recognize those actual or potential conflicts and then be able to immediately, without second guessing your first judgment, make a decision for that situation.”Chesley Sullenberger, the pilot of the plane that crash-landed in the Hudson river in 2009, is a real-life example of someone who implements a good ethical framework, Etzell said. “The pilot had a matter of moments to decide what he was going to do and why he was going to do it,” she said. “He is a person who had a pre-established ethical framework … and he made the decision to land the plane on the river. He didn’t know what the outcomes would be, but he also knew that by doing that he was going to harm fewer people. It definitely would have been a different situation had he not been pre-accustomed to making those decisions in a split second.”Etzell said another good example of a company with an ethical framework is the Johnson & Johnson case from 1982.last_img read more

  • Lecturer explores Syrian conflict

    first_imgThe Center for Civil and Human Rights hosted a lecture Friday afternoon by Radwan Ziadeh, a senior analyst at the Arab Center in Washington D.C., a visiting scholar at Columbia University, the founder and director of the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies in Syria and the head of the Syrian Commission for Transitional Justice.Ziadeh said he has worked in the field of transitional justice since 2007.“When the Syrian uprising started in March 2011, it was a moment for not only Syrian scholars, but also for all Syrian people to start a transition in [the country],” Ziadeh said. “The martial law had been declared in Syria from 1963 until 2011, which is almost 49 years.”Ziadeh said Syria was under martial law, or military dictatorship, for longer than any other country in the world. “All [constitutional rights] had been suspended: freedom of association, freedom of expression, all of that had been under systematic attack by the Assad government. Syrians have, as they say, thousands of reasons to rebel against the government,” he said.Ziadeh said the uprising in Syria was inspired by the peaceful demonstrations that erupted in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen and Libya.“My hometown, Daarya, which is 70 kilometers south of Damascus … is quite famous because of the name Ghiyath Matar, who the Washington Post called ‘Little Gandhi,’” Ziadeh said.Ziadeh said Ghiyath Matar was inspired by the work of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Matar believed, “we are not in a war or fighting. … We need to build a better Syria.”Matar was arrested and died under torture and Ziadeh said, “His death was actually a milestone in the Syrian uprising. If the Assad government dealt with peaceful activists in this way, it pushed the Syrian uprising to turn to violence and to take arms against the government.”Ziadeh said more than 6,600 people were killed in the peaceful protests between March and Sept. 2011.“The total number of victims in Syria [now] exceeds 300,000,” he said. “The Syrian population dropped from 23 million before the uprising to 16 million. [There are] almost 8 million registered refugees in neighboring countries.”Ziadeh said the Asaad administration’s extensive use of air force has threatened the lives of Syrian civilians the most. “This is why when Syrians asked for imposing of the no-fly zone in October 2011, we saved thousands of lives,” Ziadeh said. “If we go back in history, in none of the cases of civil wars, in Latin America and in Africa, has airforce been used as extensively against civilians [as in Syria].”Ziadeh said there has been little help provided to Syrian citizens in order to protect themselves from these air strikes.“The only way for Syrians to get away from these missiles is to develop an early warning system … it’s a Facebook page,” he said. “All the missiles are launched in the south and need 14 to 15 minutes to reach [their] targets in the north. This is why activists in the south post on Facebook the time and the minute … for the people in the north, if they are lucky, to escape.”Ziadeh said the specific use of barrel bombs, or unguided bombs made from large barrels filled with explosives and shrapnel, led to millions of Syrians fleeing the country.“To stop the refugee crisis, basically, put a no-fly zone to stop the use of barrel bombs,” he said.There are three different crises going on in Syria, Ziadeh said.“There is the Syria transition [from dictatorship] in one hand, ISIS in another hand and the flow of refugees in the other hand,” he said. “It’s all connected to each other, and we have to see it this way. Otherwise, dealing with the refugee crisis is not enough, dealing with ISIS is not enough. We have to see the whole picture.”Ziadeh said the international community, unfortunately, does not have a grand strategy to tackle these three crises. “You can’t focus on ISIS with the Assad government still continuing war against civilians and you can’t focus only on the refugees and allow terrorist groups like ISIS and al-Qaeda to operate in the country.”Ziadeh said the implementation of a no-fly zone is critical in ending the crisis in Syria.“Without the use of force against the Assad government, [Assad] has no intention to come to the table to negotiate about transition or the end of the conflict,” Ziadeh said. “And the A-B-C of conflict resolution, if you are actually serious and committed to end the crisis and the conflict, is that you have to put all the players on the table … the people who have influence on the ground.”Ziadeh said he would like to see U.S. leadership approach the Syrian crisis like Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and German Chancellor Angela Merkel.“This is an election year,” Ziadeh said, “The public can make a difference. Among the 17 Republican and Democratic candidates, 14 at least believe in the importance of a no-fly zone. If one of these 14 gets into the White House, we have to [ensure that] they keep their promise because that is essential and important. “Mislead action will lead to the same consequences and crises as inaction.”Tags: Refugee, Syria crisislast_img read more

  • 2016 Election Observer: Gerard Baker

    first_imgEditor’s Note: Throughout the 2016 presidential campaign, The Observer will sit down with Notre Dame experts to break down the election and its importance to students. In this seventh installment, News writer Rachel O’Grady asks Editor-in-Chief of the Wall Street Journal and Managing Editor of Dow Jones Gerard Baker about his experience moderating a GOP debate and covering the election for the Journal.ROG: It increasingly looks like Trump will get the Republican nomination. What are the implications of that? How does the GOP avoid getting trounced in the general election?GB: The GOP faces some tough challenges if, as seems likely, Trump is the nominee. Mainstream and so-called establishment Republicans will have to decide whether they can back him, which is difficult for many of them because of his unorthodox views. If they don’t, they will have to further decide whether to actually field a candidate against him in the general election. If they do, they will likely hand the election to Mrs. Clinton, as they will surely split the Republican vote, and at the same time could do even more lasting damage to the party. If the number of Republicans who refuse to support Trump is small — as it could be — I would not rule out at all the possibility that he could win the presidency in November. He has tapped into and articulated a deep anger among many middle class Americans and if he can get them to come out and vote in unusually large numbers, he could beat Mrs. Clinton, who is in many ways not the most skilled campaigner and whose own negative ratings among voters are high.ROG: You moderated a GOP debate a few weeks ago. Can you give us some insight on how that was? I imagine it’s certainly a unique experience.GB: It was literally unique for me. It was also a great privilege. I must confess it was fairly nerve wracking. Though I have done plenty of television, appearing live before more than 15 million people for more than two hours in prime time was certainly daunting. But we were very well prepared, and we made a conscious decision to stick very much to policy issues in our questions as opposed to some of the more trivial topics or “horse-race” coverage, which I felt, as editor of the Journal, was appropriate for me. It was a wonderful and invigorating experience.ROG: What were your goals or aims going into the election season? How has the media played a role in the 2016 election, and has it been different than any other year?GB: The media has clearly played a very important role in 2016. The attention given to Donald Trump — and the TV ratings associated with him — have been extremely important in his rise. But we shouldn’t forget also that social media has played an increasingly important role. Mr Trump himself is a big tweeter and has gained widespread and sustained attention through his tweets. At the Journal, we have aimed to focus as much as possible on the big topics — with important investigative stories on Trump’s background and Mrs. Clinton’s political and fundraising record, as well as on the other candidates. And we’ve looked hard at the major policy issues and how each candidate would handle them.ROG: You’ve covered economics for the BBC and you’ve been an economist for the Bank of England. How does the economy play into this election?GB: “It’s the economy, stupid” was how Bill Clinton’s campaign manager described the key factor driving the election in 1992. And that is still true today. While the U.S. economy has grown over the last few years, growth has been disappointing for millions of people, with stagnant wages and a sense that technology and trade are destroying American jobs. While economic uncertainty and fear is understandable, it is important to try to sift fact from fiction, so helping voters understand the big changes at work in the global economy and how they affect them is a very important role for the Journal.Tags: 2016 Election Observer, Dow Jones, Gerry Baker, Wall Street Journallast_img read more

  • Student government seeks to ease transition through Welcome Weekend programming

    first_imgStarting Friday, Notre Dame will welcome the incoming class of 2021 to campus and kick off Welcome Weekend 2017 — three days of activities to help introduce and welcome new students into the Notre Dame community before returning students arrive and classes begin.As in years past, much of the scheduled programming for the incoming freshman class was planned by student government over the summer. Each of the executive cabinet and student senate members arrived back to campus Wednesday for the Team ND Student Leadership Retreat and will begin helping with Welcome Weekend programming as soon as the retreat concludes Friday. Kathryne Robinson | The Observer Welcome Weekend staffs paint signs, dorm windows and more to welcome the class of 2021 to campus and into the dorm communities.Junior Prathm Juneja, student government chief of staff, said he spearheaded much of the Welcome Weekend planning.“I’ve been here all summer, and a lot of the work that I’ve been doing as chief of staff has been helping out with the Welcome Weekend stuff,” he said. “Paul Manrique [program director for new student engagement] has his own staff of interns that have been working on it and we’ve been partnering with them on a few things.”The planning for Welcome Weekend 2017 has included plenty of collaboration with the South Bend community, Juneja said.“One of the things that we’ve been working a lot on our director of student engagement and outreach — [senior] Adam Moeller — has played a big part in,” he said. “Basically on Sunday at 1 p.m. in the fieldhouse mall we’re going to be doing a ‘quad market.’ Adam, myself, and a few other people have recruited 11 vendors from the South Bend area who will be selling everything from jam to snacks to jewelry.”Juneja also worked with Manrique and his team to plan the kick-off grill for the incoming new students.“On Friday is the main opening kick-off grill for all the incoming students and the opening prayer, and I’ll be leading a staff of 30 volunteers to make sure everyone gets to their dinner and knows where to go,” Juneja said. “We’re helping kids get to their Moreau [First Year Experience] classes on Saturday morning, we’ll be helping them set up for their class picture on Saturday.”Welcome Weekend also aims to help incoming transfer students get involved in campus life and activities. To this end, Juneja said, student government will host a social for all transfer students Monday night.“We’re really just trying to get all the transfer students immediately involved in whatever they want to be a part of on campus,” he said. “That could be student government, and we’re going to talk with them about how to get involved with student government, but also other clubs on campus so that they can immediately immerse themselves in campus activities.”Student government has not added any new events to the weekend’s repertoire, Juneja said, but instead has been focusing on improving the environment of inclusivity they believe will help all incoming students feel welcomed and at home at Notre Dame.“Just in general, one of the things that we’ve been trying to do for Welcome Weekend is give our input on how we can make Welcome Weekend this huge welcoming for every student who comes to Notre Dame,” he said. “How we can make it a super inclusive and exciting opportunity for every student to feel like they really belong here. That includes everything from changing the way we talk about diversity and inclusion to emphasizing that we are the Notre Dame family and we are our brothers’ and sisters’ keepers.“I think this weekend’s going to be a great one, and the Welcome Weekend staff has done an incredible job of putting together all these great events.”Tags: Class of 2021, Notre Dame Student Government, Welcome Weekend 2017, Welcome Weekend activitieslast_img read more

  • Saint Mary’s hosts second annual STEM Students Weekend

    first_imgAs acceptance letters begin trickling in, the decision as to what college to attend looms large for high school seniors. For girls who dream of pristine lab coats and are filled with excitement at the prospect of computing indefinite integrals, Saint Mary’s second annual STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) Students Weekend provides an opportunity to experience campus firsthand and encounter the faculty, students and opportunities available to them at Saint Mary’s as STEM majors.Senior Noreen Maloney, a chemistry and environmental earth science major in the Dual Degree Engineering Program, said that the purpose of this weekend is, “to go beyond a normal tour.”“When we look at STEM students now, everyone wants to make sure that they’re making the right choice with their education,” Maloney said. “They want to know that they can be involved in different labs, research, small classes and get hands-on experience.”These concerns are systematically addressed through tours and dinner with a social event to build a sense of community. Then, students participate in a STEM-intensive day with sessions that highlight current research at the College and provide an opportunity to meet faculty and chat with current students about their experiences, senior Heather DiLallo, a chemistry and chemical engineering major, said.“We are trying to give accepted STEM students the opportunity to see what it’s like to actually be a STEM major here by having interactive activities and different sessions specific to each major to give them an idea of what their every day would look like, interacting with current students, being able to spend the night in the dorms with them and getting a better picture in that way,” DiLallo said. “The fact that a lot of faculty members are taking a lot of time out to come and spend time with them speaks volumes.”For DiLallo, part of her ultimate decision to attend Saint Mary’s was her encounter with Toni Barstis, a professor of chemistry and head of the Dual Degree Engineering program at Saint Mary’s.“Part of it was meeting with [Barstis] beforehand and getting that personal connection,” DiLallo said. “[Saint Mary’s] felt different and here was really where I was being drawn. Understand [the Saint Mary’s] community and [you will] understand all of the opportunities you can have in STEM at Saint Mary’s.”Barstis said it is important for prospective students to be able to explore the opportunities and environment of the school they may attend.“How do you know what you’re really investing in? I don’t think anything is better than feet on the ground, really seeing what it’s like. And I think it’s the most informed way to do things,” Barstis said. “Either you’re going to like this environment or you’re not. If you want the students to immerse, you’ve got to showcase who we are. That personal connection is critical and what we are trying to emphasize here.”Ultimately, the goal of this weekend is to provide prospective students with the means to make an informed college decision with confidence and conviction, Maloney said.“Be open to the experience,” she said. “Learn something about yourself. Learn something about Saint Mary’s.”Tags: Dual Degree in Engineering, STEM, STEM students weekendlast_img read more

  • Jamestown Man Arrested After Allegedly Attempted To Attack Woman

    first_imgWNY News Now Stock Image.JAMESTOWN – A Jamestown man is facing charges after police allege he attempted to attack a woman and her child during a domestic dispute on Liberty Street Sunday morning.Nathaniel Hollins Jr., 29, taken into custody by Jamestown Police and charged with endangering the welfare of a child, aggravated family offense and first criminal contempt.Officers say they met with the victim who was holding a four-month-old child in her arms. According to police they were able to call Hollins out to the porch area of the residence where he persisted to argue with the victim.The verbal altercation escalated, according to police, as Hollins became incensed and attempted to attack the victim and her child. Nathaniel Hollins was ultimately taken into custody and is in jail pending arraignment at Jamestown City Court. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more

  • Mother Of Warren County Native Believes Her Daughter Was Murdered

    first_imgImage by “Alexis Sharkey” / Instagram.HOUSTON, TX – The mother of a Warren County, Pennsylvania native is seeking answers after her daughter, a nationally known social media influencer, was found dead in Texas last week.In an interview with 13 Eyewitness News, Warren resident Stacey Robinault says she believes someone murdered her daughter.“It’s just so, it’s so painful for someone so bright and having so much to offer just to be gone, snuffed out, and I don’t know why,” said Robinault. “We’re very broken. We’re very brokenhearted.”The 26-year-old’s cause of death remains unclear, however, homicide detectives are looking into what happened after she went missing last Friday. Saturday morning a garbage truck driver spotted her body in brush off of Redhaw Street in West Houston. Police say she was naked with no visible injuries.Her friends remembered her as a kind, selfless soul, who loved cats and always welcomed strangers.Robinault, who used the name “Alexis Sharkey” on Instagram, shared photos from her travels around Texas and beyond with her followers. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more