Given the ubiquity of mobile devices and high-speed Internet, it can be tough for students to imagine life just 30 years ago, let alone 30,000.Turns out, though, it’s not impossible.Students in Matthew Liebmann’s “Encountering the Conquistadors” class recently got a feel for prehistoric life, trying their hands at an ancient weapon called the atlatl.“We’ve been studying first contacts in the New World from Columbus on, and this is a chance for students to get firsthand use of some of the technology they’ve been reading about,” said Liebmann, an associate professor of anthropology. “I think there are a lot of assumptions about the superiority of European technology, and in some cases that was certainly an advantage in the conquest of the Americas, but Native Americans were using technology the Europeans weren’t familiar with either, often with deadly results.“This is also a lot of fun,” he added. “It’s nice to get out of the classroom — it adds a fun aspect you don’t get in many classes.”The atlatl was a dominant weapon for centuries, until the rise of the bow and arrow after the arrival of Europeans. Typically about 2 feet long, with a notch at one end and a spur at the other, it functions like an extension of the throwing arm, allowing users to hurl 6-foot, stone-tipped spears — referred to as darts — with great force and speed.While the students weren’t facing an army of conquistadors, they still had plenty to aim at — including foam archery targets of deer and boar, and, with Liebmann’s encouragement, a cardboard cutout of their teacher. To up the stakes, points were awarded for each hit (Liebmann’s cutout had the highest value), and the six sections of the class battled for bragging rights.Behind the fun, however, was a serious lesson — not just about how the atlatl worked, but about gaining insight into the lives of the people who relied on the weapon day to day.“After an entire semester of trying to visualize what we are learning about, it’s great to have the chance to do this,” said Audrey Carson ’15. “It’s interesting to step into this role and look at what we’ve learned through a different lens.”“It’s a new way of learning,” agreed Joe Petrucci ’14. “Instead of reading books, we get the chance to come out here in the field and practice something that ancient people did. It definitely puts things in perspective.”
“Since COVID-19 hit, the price has crept up steadily. It could reach Rp 22,000 per pill. The supply and demand has been out of balance,” Dian said.Dian also regretted the limited direct access to doctors, medical examinations or treatment. “Especially for patients who use the BPJS Kesehatan [the Health Care and Social Security Agency] service,” she said.Dian said the condition of people with lupus or other autoimmune diseases varied from the mild form, which attacked the skin or joints, to more severe conditions that attacked the blood or nervous system and even vital organs.“We can’t help but try to survive. That’s why we also strive for personal protective equipment [PPE], medicine, as well as collecting donations for those who have lost income,” added Dian.The SDF has initiated the collection of donations for the procurement and distribution of PPE, including 2,000 nonmedical masks, for 16 autoimmune communities around Indonesia. Within three weeks, they managed to raise funds of up to Rp 141 million.The organization has also provided aid that includes PPE such as medical and nonmedical masks and coverall hazmat suits, as well as multivitamins, to some hospitals and public health centers across Indonesia.Read also: Australian study links fiber intake during pregnancy to babies born with allergies and autoimmune disease“Because of the PPE scarcity, the distribution has been done gradually, depending on availability, to nine hospitals and regional hospitals in Bandung, Cimahi, Cianjur and Majalengka [in West Java] and Medan [in North Sumatra]. We also provided PPE to six public health centers in Jakarta, South Kalimantan and Bandung,” said Dian.SDF manager Laila Panchasari said that in commemoration of World Lupus Day, the organization had also launched a membership card program in collaboration with two clinical laboratories, Pramitha and Prodia, and state-owned pharmaceutical company Kimia Farma.“So, members can access generic HCQ and can get additional discounts for routine checks in the laboratories,” Laila said, adding that the SDF had more than 1,000 members across the archipelago.The membership number, however, is still small compared to the number of lupus sufferers in Indonesia, which Dian estimated at 135,000 to 270,000. Worldwide it is estimated that there are at least 5 million people with lupus, with 100,000 new cases every year. (syk)Topics : “The price of HCQ has increased by 100 percent. We hope the government can regulate the price so that patients can still can afford it and other primary medications needed by autoimmune patients,” Dian told The Jakarta Post on Saturday.Dian said autoimmune patients needed one or two HCQ pills a day to alleviate joint pain and other medications such as corticosteroids to increase steroid hormones in the body, relieve inflammation and suppress the excessive work of the immune system.She said the country was not able to produce its own HCQ until the end of 2019, when the domestically supplied immunosuppressant was sold at prices ranging from Rp 11,000 (73 US cents) to Rp 13,000 per pill.Read also: COVID-19 exposes flaws in Indonesia’s health insurance program The Syamsi Dhuha Foundation (SDF), a nonprofit organization representing autoimmune disease sufferers, has urged the government to pay more attention to people with immune-related conditions, who are much more vulnerable during the current COVID-19 pandemic, as medication costs have increased dramatically.To mark World Lupus Day on May 10 and World Autoimmune Day on May 20, the SDF is making an effort to gain support and raise awareness about people with autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, with its #ShareOurLove campaign.SDF chairwoman Dian Syarief, who is also an autoimmune disease sufferer, said it was an extraordinary time for her community as the prices for autoimmune drugs, including hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), which is also prescribed for COVID-19 patients, had soared.
Two more cases of COVID-19 in listening area, 41 total cases confirmed, 23 recovered, four remain hospitalized
12 91 31 Butler342 Floyd 22 21321 1 1 1 Hancock Franklin11131 Wright21 321 1 21 Cerro Gordo266 DES MOINES — Governor Reynolds announced 739 more lab-confirmed positive cases of COVID-19 in the state for a total now of 7884. Eight more deaths were reported for a total now of 170. Today’s report shows 202 more cases have recovered for a total of 2899.Two more local cases of COVID-19 have been identified, an elderly person in Franklin County and an elderly person in Mitchell County. There’s been 41 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in our immediate listening area — 14 of those cases in Cerro Gordo; nine in Butler; three each in Franklin, Hancock, Mitchell and Wright; two each in Kossuth and Winnebago; and single cases in Floyd and Worth counties.Of those 41 cases, 23 have recovered while four remain hospitalized. Winnebago11 Kossuth11 Confirmed CasesChildAdult (18-40)Middle (40-60)Older (60-80)Elderly (81+)TotalDeathsRecoveredHospitalized 14121 Mitchell Worth 11 Area Total01018112410234